Additional Resources

Deer Abundance

Waller Lab research on deer browsing:

Wisconsin DNR deer management:

Wisconsin DNR Chronic Wasting Disease:

Ticks and Lyme Disease

Midwest Center of Excellence Vector-Borne Disease Resources:

Center for Disease Control Information and Resources on Lyme Disease:

Wisconsin Department of Health Services:


News Articles

Schneider, Caroline. “Center fights spread of tick- and mosquito-borne diseases with research.University of Wisconsin-Madison News. Feb 2019.

Kaeding, Danielle. “CWD-positive deer nearly double as state increases sampling in 2018.” Wisconsin Public Radio. April 2019.

Scientific Papers

Deer Health

Storm, D.J., Samuel, M.D., Rolley, R.E., Shelton, P., Keuler, N.S., Richards, B.J., Van Deelen, T.R. 2013. Deer density and disease prevalence influence transmission of chronic wasting disease in white-tailed deer. Ecosphere 4(1):10.

Williams, S.C., DeNicola, A.J., Almendinger, T., Maddock, J. 2013. Evaluation of organized hunting as a management technique for overabundant white-tailed deer in suburban landscapes. Wildlife Society Bulletin 37 (1): 137-145.

Public Health

Khatchikian, C.E., Prusinski, M.A., Stone, M., Backenson, P.B., Wang, I.N., Foley, E., Seifert, S.N., Levy, M.Z., Brisson, D. 2015. Recent and rapid population growth and range expansion of the Lyme disease tick vector, Ixodes scapularis, in North America. Evolution 69-7: 1678-1689.

Kilpatrick, H.J., Labonte, A.M., Stafford, K.C. III. 2014. The relationship between deer density, tick abundance, and human cases of Lyme disease in a residential community. Entomological Society of America 51 (4): 777-784.


Kelly, J.F. 2019. Regional changes to forest understories since the mid-Twentieth Century: Effects of overabundant deer and other factors in northern New Jersey. Forest Ecology and Management 444: 151-162.

Petersson, L.K., Milberg, P., Bergstedt, J., Dahlgren, J., Felton, A.M., Götmark, F., Salk, C., Löf, M. 2019. Changing land use and increasing abundance of deer cause natural regeneration failure of oaks: Six decades of landscape-scale evidence. Forest Ecology and Management 444: 209-307.

Waller, D.M., Alverson, W.S. 1997. The white-tailed deer: A keystone herbivore. Wildlife Society Bulletin 25 (2): 217-226.

Habitat Loss for Birds

Allombert, S., Gaston, A.J., Martin, J.L. 2005. A natural experiment on the impact of overabundant deer on songbird populations. Biological Conservation 126: 1-13.

Invasive Weeds

Williams, S.C., Ward, J.S., Ramakrishnan, U. 2008. Endozoochory by white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) across a suburban/woodland interface. Forest Ecology and Management 255: 940-947.